Coronavirus Resources for Schools

Understanding Hybrid School Models and Unconventional School Structures

Contains resources from school districts and public health agencies.

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U N D E R S TA N D I N G H Y B R I D S C H O O L M O D E L S A N D U N C O N V E N T I O N A L S C H O O L S T R U C T U R E S K - 1 2 I n f o - B r i e f s © H a n o v e r R e s e a r c h , 2 0 2 0 1 W h a t I s t h e C u r r e n t N e e d f o r L o o k i n g a t N e w M o d e l s f o r S c ho o l i n g ? T h e C O V I D - 1 9 p a n d e m i c h a s l e d i n d i v i d u a l s a c r o s s t h e n a t i o n t o c o n s i d e r w h a t c h a n g e s w i l l o c c u r i n t h e i m m e d i a t e a n d l o n g - t e r m f u t u r e . T h e s a m e w o n d e r i n g s a p p l y t o t h e K - 1 2 s p a c e , a s s t u d e n t s , f a m i l i e s , a n d e d u c a t o r s p o n d e r t h e c h a n g e s s c h o o l s h a v e a l r e a d y i m p l e m e n t e d d u r i n g s t a t e w i d e c l o s u r e s a n d t h o s e t h e y w i l l m a k e w h e n s c h o o l s e v e n t u a l l y r e o p e n a n d b e y o n d . 1 M u c h s p e c u l a t i o n f o c u s e s o n h o w t o k e e p s t u d e n t s a n d s t a f f s a f e v i a p h y s i c a l d i s t a n c i n g w h i l e a l s o r e o p e n i n g s c h o o l b u i l d i n g s . 2 O t h e r c o n c e r n s r e l a t e t o w h e t h e r o n l i n e a n d d i s t a n c e l e a r n i n g p r o c e d u r e s w i l l b e c o m e m o r e c o m m o n p l a c e . 34 T h e C e n t e r s f o r D i s e a s e C o n t r o l a n d P r e v e n t i o n ( C D C ) r e c o m m e n d t h a t s c h o o l s " [ e ] n c o u r a g e s o c i a l d i s t a n c i n g t h r o u g h i n c r e a s e d s p a c i n g , s m a l l g r o u p s [ , ] a n d l i m i t e d m i x i n g b e t w e e n g r o u p s , i f f e a s i b l e . " 5 O t h e r s o l u t i o n s p r o p o s e d b y o r g a n i z a t i o n s s u c h a s t h e W o r l d H e a l t h O r g a n i z a t i o n ( W H O ) , U n i t e d N a t i o n s C h i l d r e n ' s F u n d ( U N I C E F ) , a n d I n t e r n a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n o f R e d C r o s s a n d R e d C r e s c e n t S o c i e t i e s ( I F R C ) i n c l u d e : 6 • U s e o f o n l i n e a n d d i s t a n c e l e a r n i n g s t r a t e g i e s ; • S t a g g e r i n g t h e b e g i n n i n g a n d e n d o f t h e s c h o o l d a y ; • C a n c e l l i n g a s s e m b l i e s , s p o r t s g a m e s , a n d o t h e r e v e n t s t h a t c r e a t e c r o w d e d c o n d i t i o n s ; • W h e n p o s s i b l e , c r e a t i n g s p a c e f o r c h i l d r e n ' s d e s k s t o b e a t l e a s t o n e m e t e r a p a r t ; a n d • T e a c h i n g a n d m o d e l i n g p e r s o n a l s p a c e a n d a v o i d i n g u n n e c e s s a r y t o u c h i n g . A s d i s t r i c t s g r a p p l e w i t h p o t e n t i a l s o l u t i o n s — s u c h a s s t a g g e r i n g s t u d e n t a n d s t a f f s c h e d u l e s , o p e n i n g s c h o o l f o r s o m e s t u d e n t s ( e . g . , e l e m e n t a r y ) b u t n o t o t h e r s , a n d r e e x a m i n i n g a t t e n d a n c e p o l i c i e s a n d a c a d e m i c c a l e n d a r s — i t i s i m p o r t a n t t o r e m e m b e r t h a t t h e b e s t s o l u t i o n f o r o n e c o m m u n i t y m a y n o t b e b e s t f o r a l l c o m m u n i t i e s . 7 U l t i m a t e l y , d i s t r i c t a n d s c h o o l l e a d e r s s h o u l d m a k e d e c i s i o n s t h a t a c c o u n t f o r " p u b l i c h e a l t h g u i d a n c e , t h e l a w , [ t h e i r o r g a n i z a t i o n ' s ] m i s s i o n a n d c u l t u r e , a n d [ t h e i r ] c o m m u n i t y ' s s a f e t y . " 8 H o w e v e r , t o m e e t t h e c h a l l e n g e s o f C O V I D - 1 9 a n d r e o p e n s c h o o l s s a f e l y , i t i s p r o b a b l e t h a t d i s t r i c t s a n d s c h o o l s w i l l d e p l o y s o m e f o r m o f h y b r i d l e a r n i n g o r a n u n c o n v e n t i o n a l s c h e d u l e . 9 A t t h e s a m e t i m e , l e a d e r s n e e d t o c o n s i d e r w h a t a c t i v i t i e s w i l l b e m o s t e f f e c t i v e i n - p e r s o n a n d w h i c h c a n b e b e s t t r a n s l a t e d t o a n a l t e r n a t i v e d e l i v e r y f o r m a t . 10 L o o k i n g a t t h e P o s t - C O V I D S c h o o l "A different approach would make more sense. If schools systematically combine digital and face-to-face activities, then in the event of a crisis, they will only have to adjust the relative amounts of in-person and distance learning, instead of having to implement radical changes. Many seem to think that learning at home is an entirely new concept, but students have always done assignments at home in the evenings and on weekends. And, teachers already use online activities in the classroom. The post-COVID school will have to remain partly digital, because learning at home has always been part of a child's schooling, and that will continue to be the case." S o u r c e : B l o g o n L e a r n i n g a n d D e v e l o p m e n t 11 W h a t Ar e H y b r i d L e a r n i n g M o de l s ? H y b r i d l e a r n i n g m o d e l s g o b y a v a r i e t y o f n a m e s — s u c h a s b l e n d e d l e a r n i n g a n d m i x e d m e t h o d s l e a r n i n g — t h o u g h a t t h e i r c o r e , t h e y r e p r e s e n t s o m e f u s i o n o f i n - p e r s o n a n d o n l i n e l e a r n i n g a c t i v i t i e s . 12 E s s e n t i a l l y , s t u d e n t s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n h y b r i d l e a r n i n g m o d e l s c o m p l e t e s e l f - g u i d e d i n s t r u c t i o n v i a o n l i n e o r d i s t a n c e p l a t f o r m s f o r s o m e o f t h e t i m e a n d a t t e n d c l a s s e s o r a c t i v i t i e s a t a p h y s i c a l s c h o o l c a m p u s f o r t h e r e s t o f t h e t i m e . B o t h m o d a l i t i e s o f l e a r n i n g c o m p l e m e n t o n e a n o t h e r t o p r o v i d e a n i n t e g r a t e d a n d s e a m l e s s e d u c a t i o n a l e x p e r i e n c e . 13 When should schools reopen? For which segments of students and staff (if not everyone) should schools reopen? What health and safety measures should schools adopt on reopening? M a j o r Q u e s t i o n s f o r R e o p e n i n g S c h o o l s S o u r c e : M c K i n s e y a n d C o m p a n y 4

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